Located near Witbank, it was established in 1997 by several Afrikanerbusinessmen, including the chairman of the Boere-Republiek Kooperatief Beperk (Boers Republic Co-operative Limited), Fritz Meyer. Intended as a self-declared homeland for white Afrikaners, it was reputed to have been financed by David Duke. Prominent right-winger Willem Ratte owns a farm in Balmoral.
The graveyard of the Balmoral concentration camp, dating back to theSecond Boer War, lies at the centre of the town. In 1997 the town’s residents petitioned the British High Commission in Pretoria for an apology for the concentration camp deaths.