The traditional Homelands are listed below with their traditional ethnic tribe who inhabited that area.

Four were independent (the so-called TBVC states of theTranskei, Bophuthatswana, Venda and the Ciskei). The other six had limited self-government:

Independent states


Map of the black homelands in South Africa at the end of apartheid in 1994

Self-governing entities

The first Bantustan was the Transkei, under the leadership of Chief Kaizer Daliwonga Matanzima in the Cape Province for the Xhosa nation. Perhaps the best known one was KwaZulu for the Zulu nation in Natal Province, headed by a member of the Zulu royal family chief Mangosuthu (“Gatsha”) Buthelezi in the name of the Zulu king.